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What Is Android? How android is divided? The Basics Of Android

The Android OS is roughly divided into five sections in four main layers:

What Is Android? How android is divided? The Basics Of Android

Linux kernel — This is the kernel on which Android is based. This layer contains all the lowlevel
device drivers for the various hardware components of an Android device.
Libraries — These contain all the code that provides the main features of an Android OS. For example, the SQLite library provides database support so that an application can use it for data storage. The WebKit library provides functionalities for web browsing.

Android runtime — At the same layer as the libraries, the Android runtime provides a set of core libraries that enable developers to write Android apps using the Java programming language. The Android runtime also includes the Dalvik virtual machine, which enables every Android application to run in its own process, with its own instance of the Dalvik virtual machine (Android applications are compiled into the Dalvik executables). Dalvik is a specialized virtual machine designed specifically for Android and optimized for battery-powered mobile devices with limited memory and CPU.

Application framework — Exposes the various capabilities of the Android OS to application
developers so that they can make use of them in their applications.

➤ Applications — At this top layer, you will find applications that ship with the Android device (such as Phone, Contacts, Browser, etc.), as well as applications that you download and install from the Android Market. Any applications that you write are located at this layer. Android devices come in all shapes and sizes. As of late November 2010, the Android OS can be seen powering the following types of devices:

  • Smartphones
  • Tablets
  • E-reader devices
  • Netbooks
  • MP4 players
  • Internet TVs

Here, are some of the phones and which use the andriod os.

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